The Paris Agreement 2020

As emissions rise, temperatures also rise. In 2020, despite La Nina`s cooling effect, it will be 1.2 degrees Celsius warmer than pre-industrial times and will be the warmest period since records began. The Paris Agreement involves years of work in the fight against climate change. In 1992, countries joined an international treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. In 2005, the Kyoto Protocol became a legally binding treaty. It called on its parties to achieve internationally binding emission reduction targets. It will end in 2020 and COP21 is expected to take its place. The Paris Agreement has an « upward » structure unlike most international environmental treaties, which are « top down », characterized by internationally defined standards and objectives that states must implement. [32] Unlike its predecessor, the Kyoto Protocol, which sets legal commitment targets, the Paris Agreement, which focuses on consensual training, allows for voluntary and national objectives.

[33] Specific climate targets are therefore politically promoted and not legally binding. Only the processes governing reporting and revision of these objectives are imposed by international law. This structure is particularly noteworthy for the United States – in the absence of legal mitigation or funding objectives, the agreement is seen as an « executive agreement, not a treaty. » Since the 1992 UNFCCC treaty was approved by the Senate, this new agreement does not require further legislation from Congress for it to enter into force. [33] The mix of opposing trends has meant that the progress made possible by the Paris Agreement has been « very incremental, » Hare says. Therefore, to stay below the warming temperature threshold of 2 degrees Celsius – or below the 1.5-C limit that island states at risk consider necessary to prevent rising seas from swallowing their communities – countries that met Saturday at the summit must commit to reducing emissions more strictly. « What needs to happen in the years to come, » says Hare, « is something much more transformative. » After the ravages of the coronavirus pandemic, the world is facing the abandonment of a global economic recovery. The green recovery of this crisis is itself necessary, the Guardian`s analysis has shown, as countries are still investing money in fossil fuel rescue operations. But there is always reason to be optimistic, given the many countries that have committed to zero net emissions and are increasingly presenting short-term targets for 2030 in order to put us on this path. This week`s climate summit will be an important step, but next year`s Cop26 summit will be the most important test. The Paris agreement, five years later, still offers the best hope of avoiding the worst devastation of climate change: the question is whether countries are willing to support it with actions rather than warmer air. The objective of the agreement is to reduce global warming as described in Article 2, in order to improve the implementation of the UNFCCC through:[11] of the coronavirus pandemic, while a health, employment and economic crisis will also affect efforts to promote climate change.

On the one hand, most heads of state and government are not focusing these days on the fight against climate change and the COP26 climate summit, originally scheduled for Glasgow in November 2020, has been postponed until next year. On the other hand, this health crisis shows that countries can respond quickly to a global emergency.

admin posted at 2021-4-13 Category: Non classé